Final piece.

I am please with my final piece for my degree show. I really think the simplicity has worked our for the better. If I had then added the smaller objects into the piece I feel the piece would have turned the focus from the colours on to the objects and that is not what I want the work to be about.

The work is about colour. The minimal simplistic style of the boxes draws little to no attention. The regular geometric shape is familiar and unsuspecting allowing for the colour to be contained, mixed and flow out of.


Finally got round to making my professional website.

At first I had a lot of trouble as I am pretty useless with computers. However I have found a great website builder called Wix which is great as its easy to use and looks great. Really happy with how it has turned out. Whilst building it I realised that the colour scheme of blue and yellow has been pretty consistent through my work over the last couple of years so decided to use these colours as the background an overall theme to the website.

There is still a little work to do on it like filling in the text and making updates on latest news, but this will develop as I create more work and involved with more exhibitions.

5 key points documentation and Contextualisation



I first started looking at colour pigment in second year and was particularly interested in how the colour of the sky during the day changed due to the light in the sky.


In my first gap crit I then started look at working with light to represent light itself. In stead of painting the effects of light mixing why don’t I just mix light itself.



Videos on how coloured light interacts with objects along side possible exhibition ideas set-ups and prototypes.


My second Gap Crit. Choosing whether large or small scale would be more successful for degree show showing both large and small scale work and trying to make a decision about what would be more successful. Also documentation of coding.


Choosing that simplicity may be the key to represent colours in contrast. The making of the boxes and how they are going to be used in the show.




Chromophobia and David Batchelor. Here I became interested in how colour is secondary to the primary of form and how colour in the west at least is seen as something to either be afraid of or not even considered seriously.


James Turrell. How within his works he manages to fill rooms with colour totally immersing the audience but also creating voids and an illusion of space and movement.


Looking into optical illusions and op-art and how the combination of colour and colours in contrast can create illusion. Also how the eye learns to see colour where there isn’t any.


Beau Lotto. Looking into how the brain and the eye actually sees colour Lotto is a neuro scientist who looks at ideas from Chevrul and ideas on colour constancy and colour correction.







Amalia Pica

Amalia Pica is a Latin American artist who uses overlapping circles of coloured light. Different to my work hers refers to her childhood in 1970s Argentina. During this time the country’s military forbade the concept of intersection (where elements of B also belong to elements of A), from being taught in elementary classes, concerned that its mathematical representation might ultimately prompt the public to conspire against it. In her work she invites the audience to manipulate the translucent shapes, producing new outcomes. The piece uses abstraction and intersection as an invitation to re-imagine ideas concerning collaboration and community.

The use of colour is similar to my work. I’m interested in looking at  how two fields of light interact with each other and what happens to the colours in the space where they mix. There is an element of uncertainty as to what is going to happen when there are may colours that could possibly be layered or combined. This is another example of how complex colour theory and colour mixing can be. An endless array of colours that are possible to be explored.


Exhibition space and box prep.

The first two boxes I made were pretty much perfect. However the second two I made were a little more scruffy. I think due to the warm temperature in the studios I found that the excess glue used to fix each panel together dried quicker than usual not allowing me to rub off the excess in time before it dried. This meant that I had to do a lot of sanding to get them as slick as possible. There was also a few pieces which where cut slightly wrong not exactly fitting together which was then rectified again with sanding them down.

The design of the boxes has worked well. Originally I thought they may be fairly weak but a combination of wood glue and nails has made the structure strong, It is possible to stack them on top of each other with out loosing any structure or strength.

The studio space has been pretty straight forward to create a clean minimalist finish which is what I’m trying to aim for. I’m happy with the space however it is larger than I thought it was going to be. I’m now glad I made more than two boxes as it has allowed me to play around with filling the whole space with light.



Here are two of the boxes originally made as shelves to house smaller objects similar to the small prototype in the videos and pictures beforehand. However after playing around with a few light compositions I enjoyed the simplicity of the boxes alongside the bare coloured bulbs.

I took the two boxes down to the 1st floor stair area where the angles of the architecture under the stairs compliment the angles and lines created by the shadows of the edges of the box. I also wanted to see how the objects would look in a semi lit area. It is not totally dark in the stair case but this allows me to play around with possible lighting levels also.

By changing the bulbs around it allows me to see which colours work better with others. the strongest colour is blue with red after green after that and yellow last. The Yellow bulb is more of an orange yellow and doesn’t give as strong a colour as the other three. Also using only the three bulbs red green and blue would make sense due to the primary RGB colour spectrum of light.

The more I look at composition and trialling compositions and ideas out the simpler the ideas and results become.

Another thing I noticed and hoped would happen from the start is that the shadows created by the light tend to be the complementary colour of the original. So from RGB we get CYM Cyan Yellow and Magenta. Going back to my previous point about simplicity, a minimal structure showing this simple effect could show it better than placing objects inside the shelves themselves. Especially if I’m also mentioning and relating my work to colour becoming the primary function over form and the idea that colour is contained by forms. Here colour spills out on to its surroundings giving an interactive platform.

Michel Eugene Chevreul.


Michel Eugene Chevreul was a chemist who’s work led to early applications in fields of art and science. He was known for having invented a better dye technique  which then led to his work The Principals of Harmony and Contrast of Colours.

Contrast effect.

A contrast effect is the enhancement or diminishment of a colour, relative to the normal perception of it. A colour can be seen as brighter or more vivid with am opposite or contrasting colour next to it.

Colour box video.

As part of my documentation throughout the years I have taken a few Videos that have allowed me to show the optical illusions I am interested in. I find that the work I did last year supports the work I do this year very much, however the materials I use has changed dramatically.

I originally worked with oil paint creating colour fades from one colour to another and then on to the next and so on. Video 1 and video 2 are an experiment starting from the centre of the painting then moving outward. The effect of starting with one colour within the field of view and then moving outward introducing other colours surrounding effects the original image dramatically. This optical effect is something that has inspired me through out this year and considered within my most recent light experiments.

Please click video to see in real time how the colour changes within prototype.

Please click video to see time lapse of colour light changing in prototype.

The above two videos are an example of a prototype made with an infinity backing. The curved back gives the illusion of space, the lack of corners gives no reference point allowing to judge sense of depth.

Please click video to see how light in motion reacts with objects.

Please click video to see how light in motion reacts with objects focusing on colour of shadow.

Please click video to see a possible idea for a hanging sculpture.

In the last couple of videos I start to look at how the shapes of the objects create shadows. Its interesting that when using a red light the shadows and the low lights tend to look almost green in colour. This is another interesting optical effect which could be considered for final piece ideas.

Coding LEDs and Wiring.

Learning how to use electronics has been helpful useful and interesting however it hasn’t come without its difficulties either. I first started coding when attending one of Paul’s electronic workshops.

In this workshop we made a small series of LED RGB lights, learning how to solder each individual component together to create a circuit. The hardest part of all of the process is the coding of each individual LED. I’m familiar with the science and the practical but have never really been that good with computers.

I’m finding it difficult to create such a complex series of lights and it being as successful. Its ok coding up to 5or 6 LEDs but I know I’m going to be roughly using up to 20-25 led to light the boxes and the objects inside sufficiently and to give the desired effect.

The Grey Oval 2. 2nd Gap Crit

This was the set up for my second Gap Crit. I utilised the grey oval again alongside my small shelf prototype. I was very pleased with both. I showed both to gauge how successful each piece is.

The smaller piece changes colour gradually from green to pink. The change in the coloured light is almost so gradual you do not notice the change until it blinks back to green from red. The Oval is a static colour in that it does not change however it does reflect. Although using two optical ‘tricks’ one in each, I have started to think about possibly combining the two within one piece of work. I’m interested in how the changing light interacts with the shape inside the box and how the light interacts with its surroundings.

An interesting comment made on the oval is how the light surrounding the O looks pink in comparison to the light from the centre. The light is in fact a white light but looks pink/red in comparison to the blue grey of the O. Another comment is how the centre looks as though it is a void. It has infinite space. You can see the corner of the room from above the O moving down behind it yet through the centre the corner is lost thus creating a confused sense of depth.

Points I should note for future development:

1 – How changing light interacts with objects

2 – How this light and static light interacts with the surrounding space

3 – How light interacts with colour pigment in contrast

4 –  Think about optical strategies such as reflection